Starting 2008, Indian car manufacturers are likely to compulsorily install
an anti-lock braking system (ABS) in all vehicles.
provides for better braking, by preventing a car from skidding if it brakes at
high speeds, especially on a wet surface.
safety guidelines do not mandate the installation of ABS on new vehicles, though
the top-end variants of most vehicles provide this as an additional feature.
officials of the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project,
installing ABS could be mandated in coming months as talks between vehicle manufacturers,
governments and other stakeholders in the auto business have moved to an advanced
stage of discussion.
part of the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure project, a
facility for testing ABS brakes is to come up at the Vehicles Research and Development
Establishment (VRDE) at Ahmednagar, which will most probably be operational by
cost escalation has been the main reason for opposition by vehicle manufacturers
for the mandatory upgrade to ABS. ABS is one of the mandatory safety features
in European nations, which see wet weather most of the year round. For that reason,
ABS has been a value-added feature for top-end variants in cars in India.
the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI), Pune, is the only national
agency for homologation and R&D facilities, and also has frontal car crash
testing facility. However, it does not have facilities for testing other crash
situations like rollovers, or side impacts.
Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure project is also working towards
upgrading testing, homologation and R&D facilities for all vehicles manufactured
in India, and will be the agency to upgrade testing and homologation facilities
to international levels. It will establish five greenfield testing facilities,
besides upgrading existing facilities at ARAI and VRDE.
absence of wet roads for most of the year is the main sticking point, which car
markers advocate to discourage the mandatory implementation of ABS, as the benefits
of ABS come into play mostly on wet surfaces.
testing tests a vehicle''s safety under crash conditions. Homologation relates
to certification of a vehicle indicating that it meets safety and other norms
as needed by the country.
an allocation of Rs1,718 crore, the National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure
project will set up three regional homologation centres by the end of 2009 - one
at Manesar in the north, an upgraded ARAI in the west, and a third at Chennai
in the south, which would also have a full crash testing and research and development
facility by 2011.
also see : Other