Gallardo LP 560-4, one of the most successful models of all time, made a splash at The Autocar Performance Show 2008 held last week in Mumbai. Aruna Rathod takes a look at the powerful machine.
Lamborghini, the fabled Italian sports car maker and Exclusive Motors, the Indian partner of Lamborghini, brought down the Raging Bull's newest offering - the Gallardo LP 560-4 - at the Autocar Performance Show in Mumbai. The Lamborghini, in all its glory, drew maximum crowds at the auto show.
The white model of the Gallardo LP560-4, a breathtaking sight, is the successor of the most successful Lamborghini model of all time. But the dynamics and design of this model outclasses its predecessor in every aspect.
What makes the Gallardo LP560-4s stand out is the precision, performance and spontaneous action, making it a cutting edge super sports car in the world. (View the Lamborghini Gallardo LP 560-4 picture gallery)
Power and Elegance
A Lamborghini is and always will be a highly efficient athlete. Its extreme sensuality is based upon precision, performance and on spontaneous action.
The evolution of form systematically follows the demands of function: the newly designed front of the LP 560-4 squats deeply to the ground which contributes to its aerodynamic efficiency. The enlarged and clearly accentuated cooling intakes meet the demands of augmented engine power thus increasing the air circulation vital to a vehicle as powerful as this. The spoiler, positioned low between the air intakes, improves aerodynamic equilibrium at high speeds.
LED - Daytime Running Light
The new headlights have a characteristic 'daytime' running light integrated beneath the Bi-Xenon lamps: 15 diodes (LED) have been positioned in a Y structure. The same motif appears again in the rear tail-lights. The stop and brake lights have been inspired by the Miura Concept, the Murcie LP640 and the Revento.
The completely redesigned rear gives the definition "powerful elegance" a new meaning: rear lights, air cooling vents, bumper and diffuser are arranged in precise positions on the car's exterior, which make the LP560-4 appear extremely wide and bonded to the road surface. In addition, the streamlined covers left and right of the engine hood accentuate the powerful shoulders and lengthened, stretched lines of the new Gallardo.
Clearly Improved Aerodynamics
The rear diffuser has been newly designed, is more efficient with respect to its predecessor and, together with the smooth underbody, contributes to the excellent steering stability even at extremely high speeds. In sum, the aerodynamic efficiency with regard to output compared to that of its predecessor has been increased by 31 per cent. The Gallardo LP560-4 takes fast curves even more supremely.
The designers in Sant'Agata Bolognese have excelled themselves with the clear-cut, pure, stark lines of the Gallardo LP 560-4. They also have demonstrated distinct attention to detail; the elaborate aluminium cap for petrol and motor oil are testimony to this, as is the rear camera which has been integrated in a small fin in the independent rear spoiler as well as the finely-crafted grille in the exhaust pipes.
A lightweight model encourages the dynamics of a sports vehicle. Gallardo LP560-4 comes with a body that is light but more tough: the two-seater car measures 4.34 metres in length, 1.90 metres in width and a mere 1.16 metres in height. It weighs in dry at 1410 kilograms - which is, effectively, 20 kilograms less that that of the previous Gallardo.
The construction of the Gallardo LP560-4 utilises what is known as a 'spaceframe construction method'. Integrally moulded node elements and extruded parts create its frame, and sheet metal plates made out of aluminium have been neatly and securely integrated to form the body. The body is not only extremely light but also torsionally stiff and displays the highest safety characteristics. These form the basis for the extraordinary handling characteristics of the LP560-4.
Integrated Pedestrian Protection System
The body of the car also demonstrates extremely high levels of 'passive security'. The Gallardo LP560-4 fulfills the not yet obligatory European directives regarding the protection of pedestrians. Furthermore, the geometry of the entire front of the car has been optimised with the addition of a special combination of materials behind the front bumper which serve to absorb any impact energy.
The Engine - Extreme Power in Every Situation
The engine of the Gallardo LP560-4 is a completely new development. All that remains of the original V10 is the number of cylinders which, in this performance category, create a perfect and unique synthesis of torque, force of movement, sporty nimbleness, compact size and low weight.
The engine has a 5204 cm 3 volumetric displacement which, with 8.000 rpm creates the extreme 560 PS (412 kW). This results in the excellent performance per litre of 107.6 PS/lt. At maximum torque output, the engine yields 540 Newtonmeter at 6.500 rpm. The ample torque curve guarantees outstanding thrust from every engine speed. With an acceleration of 3.7 seconds from 0-100 km/h and a maximum speed of 325 km/h, the Gallardo LP560-4 shoots into the orbit of the most extreme and powerful sports cars.
Despite the clearly improved driving performance of this super sports car, Sant'Agata's engineers were nevertheless able to achieve a reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 18 per cent. Measured by engine power and performance, the Gallardo LP560-4 e-gear's average fuel consumption of 13.7 litres per 100 kilometers, is extremely low.
Reduced Weight for Inspirational Torque
The crank case of the new ten cylinders of Lamborghini Gallardo is made of aluminium alloy. Separate cylinder liners are not necessary with this technology: instead, the liners, due to their exposure to the hard silicone crystals during the production phase, are bored directly out of the material. The connecting rods are made out of wrought steel and the pistons are produced from an aluminium alloy. The consequent reduction in weight, inertia and in friction losses contributes to the car's inspirational torque.
The engine is unusually wide for a V10, with a cylinder angle of 90 degrees. A definite advantage of this construction is the low centre of gravity. The reduction of the gravity centre height comes also from the dry sump layout of the lubrication system which also guarantees the reliability of the oil supply even during lateral acceleration and on the race-track.
Direct Fuel Injection For Efficient Combustion
The new V10 uses the direct fuel-injection system `Iniezione Diretta Stratificata' as an innovative way to optimise performance results in part-load conditions. Here, the fuel is injected directly into the combustion chamber through the laterally positioned injector. Combined with the use of a 'tumble flap' in the intake manifold runners, this solution guarantees an optimised distribution of the gasoline in the combustion chamber (higher gasoline density around the spark plug, leaner mixture close to piston and cylinder liners) and delivers the basis for a highly efficient combustion system even with stoichiometric mean mixture composition. The direct injection boosts the extremely efficient 'full load' performance of the V10, reduces its knock sensitivity and thus enables the very high compression ratio of 12.5:1. The cylinder heads have been optimised to deliver a very quick gas exchange and the variable valve control system on all four camshafts improves the charge efficiency across the entire engine speed range.
Superior control four-wheel drive
Such extreme power must be brought onto the streets with extreme reliability. The driver of a Gallardo LP560-4 can thus rely on the four-wheel drive Viscous Traction (VT) system, with the '4' in the model name a reminder of this. Lamborghini already introduced this system with the Diablo VT in 1993 - and for good reason: four actuated wheels achieve more grip than two and permit acceleration earlier in the curve exit.
The protagonist in the transmission is the central viscous-coupling which requires no electronic control. In this special Lamborghini configuration, the driving torque is distributed between front and rear - generally with a 30:70 front to rear ratio and, within milliseconds, adapts to even the slightest variations in road conditions. A mechanical differential on the rear axle provides up to 45 per cent limited slip and an electronic differential lock at the front complete the four-wheel drive system.
"Lamborghini exudes the passion and the power of an unbridled young bull. Lamborghinis have always been known for their radical presence and the fastest, the fabled and the most desirable Italian Sports Gallardo LP 560-4 continues this legacy. To be behind the wheel of a Lamborghini is an infatuation of every great driver; it's a dream to drive one and now, the most discerning Indian, motor-sporting afficionados will live their dream, on the roads of India," said Satya Bagla, managing director, Exclusive Motors.
While Lamborghinis are currently available in India through the sole outlet of Exclusive Motors in New Delhi, the dealer has plans to open a dedicated Lamborghni dealership in Mumbai by mid-2009.
A Short History
'Lamborghini Automobili' officially started in 1963 with Ferruccio Lamborghini. Born in 1916, this capable, impetuous, strong-willed Taurus was the leading character in the foundation of the company and the early phases of its extraordinary history. (His birth sign being a Taurus is the reason all Lamborghini models take their names from breeds of 18th-century fighting bulls). Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is now a 45-year-old auto manufacturing corporation, well-known for creating high performance, exclusive sports cars that fit their drivers in every situation.
True sports cars can be used on an everyday basis. While matching these two apparently conflicting objectives, the guideline for Lamborghini engineers has always been to fulfil the necessary comfort requirements without any compromise in the performances expected of a true Lamborghini car, which distinctly their engineers deliver, effortlessly.
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